WHAT IS DC CONVERSION?
Getting DC conversion in Bangalore is a legal process whereby agricultural land, if it has to be utilised for any other non-agricultural purpose, requires explicit sanction from the Deputy Commissioner. If this is not done, then the property’s purchaser or the agricultural plot owner would be liable for legal action and penalty.
It is also seen that due to anomalies that have existed in the past, many purchasers who have no idea about the process fall into this trap through brokers and other real estate agents.
DC means Deputy Commissioner.
This is because the land which they may have bought from another person may be a residential home or a commercial establishment without proper property conversion having been made. There are naturally numerous such plots in and around Bangalore that have not been converted properly and remains agricultural land under the law’s eyes.
Hence, to avoid a bad purchase, you must, as a potential buyer, make sure that the land has proper documents to support it, including, of course, the DC conversion order.
If you do not do so, then the house or the commercial establishment or factory that you have constructed over it would be demolished, and penalty served to you. Apart from that, One will not get an “A Khata certificate’ for your land, and this is issued by the BBMP or Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike.
Getting an “A Khata Certificate’’ for your land would only mean that you have an account with your land’s assessing authorities. This again implies that you may pay taxes on it, but it doesn’t mean that you have title-deed over it unless you have the stated documents in your possession. If you have a site and look for a Architects to design your house in Bangalore, reach us for more details.
WHY SHOULD ONE CONVERT THE LAND for any forms of DEVELOPMENT?
To convert your agricultural land to non-agricultural land, you need to understand the legal process. You must also know why this is done and the consequences when you do so illegally. It is also a matter of grave concern if you happen to be tricked by land sharks, brokers or real estate agents when you purchase land and, at the end of the day, realize that it is agricultural land.
The authorities intend to keep agricultural lands for agriculture only and not for any other purpose. However, over a period of time, there have been numerous encroachments on agricultural lands in Bangalore and building, and commercial structures have sprung up with the connivance of crooked brokers, estate agents and government officials.
IS DC CONVERSION of LAND MANDATORY for NON-AGRICULTURAL USE?
Understanding What does DC conversion mean? If you intend to use agricultural land you have purchased from someone, then it is mandatory that the land cannot be used for anything other than agriculture.
However, for making things easier for purposes other than agriculture, a legal process has been initiated. It has come into force so that land could be converted into a residential plot, public use, and semi-public use, commercial and industrial use. This legal conversion of land is done through the office of the Deputy Commissioner of the District and is commonly known as DC transfer.
WHY BUY DC CONVERSION SITES OR DC CONVERTED SITES IN BANGALORE..?
Since real estate is a big problem throughout Bangalore with rampant encroachment and unauthorized constructions, especially on agricultural land, the Government of Karnataka has made it mandatory for these owners to sanction the same Deputy Commissioner.
Under Section 95 of the Karnataka Land Revenue Act, it has become important for the occupant or owner of the land to apply to the DC. This is known as DC Conversion and may be withdrawn or cancelled if the stated property, according to the DC office, is found as agricultural land and should be treated as such.
ADVANTAGES OF OWNING DC CONVERTED SITES:
If you apply for your land to be DC Converted or owning a DC Converted Site, there are several advantages. Due to the widespread problem arising out of the unauthorised constructions in several places, the government has made concessions in certain landed properties and allowed them to be converted to non-agriculture land with some conditions attached. As per the present rule certain type of land may be DC Converted if the percentage deviation in illegal structures is within limits fixed by the authorities.
It also implies that not all landed properties are eligible for DC Conversion. Again, some properties are allowed to be DC Converted through the penalty’s payment is prescribed for structures built on a plot on or after 02-10-1980. For tax payment, the government has introduced Khata, which is in fact not a Title Deed but simply for receiving taxes.
However, When you pay taxes on your property, this doesn’t mean that you have the right to use the property as you like. Having your property in Khata means that you have paid taxes on it. Hence, in Bangalore, you often find ‘A Khata’ and ‘B Khata’ land. To transfer your land from ‘B Khata’ to ‘A Khata’, you need to file certain documents, and the chief among them is the DC Converted order. If not, then your land will always remain an agriculture plot.
Some problems you face with land that are not DC Converted is that you will never get loans on it, the authorities can demolish any structure built on it without any notice, you will not get a building license and trade license.
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED OF GETTING DC CONVERSION IN BANGALORE
You need to submit several documents for your DC conversion in Bangalore, without which you are in danger of losing any structure that you may have built over it and pay the penalty on it. The DC Conversion has been made mandatory under Section 95 of the Karnataka Land Revenue Act.
For this, One needs to apply to the Deputy Commissioner of the District seeking his assent for converting your land from agricultural to non-agricultural. There are different prescribed forms for applying for Tenanted land and Patta land. The prescribed forms are Form 1 for Tenanted land and Form No 21 A for Patta land.
The list of documents required for DC conversion for Tenanted land are as follows:
- 3 copies of R.T.C.
- 3 copies of the sketch of your land.
- Certified copy of Land Tribunal Order.
- Certified copy of Form 10 that states your occupancy rights.
- Zonal certificate from Urban Development Authority/Town Planning.
- Authority along with the opinion.
- Property Title Deed.
- A certificate stating ‘no dues’ issue from Village accountant.
- Copy of MR order.
In the case of Patta Land, you need the following documents:
- Submit the certified copy of the land document, the rights of which have been transferred to you.
- 3 Copies of the sketch of your land.
- 3 Copies of R.T.C.
- No due copy from village accountant.
- MR order copy.
The above is the case for all land in general, yet they may vary if your land property is near the seashore or the banks of a river, and above all, the conversion is for commercial activities on the land.
These are mainly in the form of No Objection Certificates with the concerned authorities. This is again in addition to the documents you have already gathered for DC Conversion.
For land near the seashore or near the banks of a river, then you need to submit additional CRZ NOC. If the conversion is for commercial use, then you need to submit NOC with the appropriate authority.
HOW and WHERE to SUBMIT THESE DOCUMENTS for CONVERSION..?
Therefore, the government and the concerned civic authorities have formulated a plan to address the problem and thwart any more attempt to convert agricultural land to non-agricultural purpose. The bill passed in the Karnataka Legislative Assembly states the guidelines and rules that would entail some land be allowed to be converted into non-agricultural land on conditions that comply with a certain percentage level of deviation been laid forth.
These lands could be subjected to DC Conversion to be used for non-agricultural purpose. Accordingly, a landowner needs to apply under a prescribed form along with some papers enclosed. Under Section 95 of the Karnataka Land Revenue Act, an owner should apply in Form 1 for Land Reform Tenanted Lands, while Form No 21A for Patta lands should be submitted to the Tahsildar concerned.
The enclosed documents for Land Reform Tenanted Lands are 3 copies of R.T.C., 3 sketches of land and the certified copy of Land Tribunal Order, Zonal Certificate from Urban Development Authority/Town Planning Authority, Title Deed, Certificate of No-Dues from Village Accountant and MR order copy.
PROCEDURE OF GETTING DC CONVERSION IN BANGALORE..?
Before getting into the Process of DC conversion in Bengaluru, one must understand the whole process and documentation required for the DC Conversion process; one must also have a fair idea as to What is DC Conversion means. Those who have no idea about the legalities involved and are quite new to purchasing real estate must know about DC conversion.
In fact, a DC conversion entails that agricultural land has got the necessary consent to be converted into non-agricultural land.
The present owner of the land actually receives this order from the Deputy Commissioners (DC’s) of the District to use it for any other purpose other than agriculture. This would include residential homes, buildings, commercial establishments, factories, public use and semi-public uses.
ADVANTAGES OF OWNING DC CONVERTED SITES:
When you wish to get an agricultural land mandatory for non-agriculture use, then it means that you wish the land to be used for anything other than agriculture. It is seen that numerous lands do not carry the required transfer documents, in this case, the DC Conversion, and therefore is subject to proceedings in the near or future date.
This also means that any construction done on agricultural land could be demolished by the authorities with or without the land owner’s permission. The stated land would also be heavily penalized for being made non-agriculture land without the authorities’ proper consent.
Hence, those who wish to purchase land should know about the legal process when agricultural land is converted into non-agricultural land. This means that there should be proper documents available from the owner to get a DC conversion easily; otherwise, the land would only be treated as agricultural land.
It has also been seen that you may not only have the title-deed over your land, but also you may be able to take loans, get building licenses, trade licenses or governmental services for factories and industries. If the same is agricultural land, you will not be able to do any of the above.
HOW TO GET/PROCEDURE OF LAND MANDATORY FOR NON-AGRICULTURAL USE..?
If you wish to know the mandatory procedure for making your land available for non-agriculture use, you must know some other details. Presently, in Bangalore, there have been numerous cases of such disputed land. The cases are so widespread that the Government has given consent to certain lands to be made as non-agricultural.
This is mainly because huge amounts of land have been utilized for commercial and residential purposes and would prove detrimental to a large population.
This, however, comes with a catch and the Government has given consent for only those lands that have deviated within a certain percentage of the rules and conditions laid down. Yet, in all these cases, DC Conversion is a must.
The first requirement would be to apply for a DC Conversion. This would mean that you need to apply in a prescribed Form 1 for Land Reform Tenanted Lands and Form 21 A for those lands called Patta Lands. The application is filed along with other documents at the concerned Tahasildar’s office.
For Land Reform Tenanted Land, you need to file along with your application three copies of R.T.C., three copies of the sketch of the land, a certified copy of Land Tribunal Order, a certified copy of Form 10 concerning your occupancy right, Zonal certificate from Urban Development Authority or Town Planning Authority along with an opinion, Title Deed, No Dues Certificate from the Village accountant and copy of MR order.
On the other hand, if you are doing so for Patta Land, you need to file and apply the following documents. These include a certified copy of the land’s document indicating the rights for the same has been transferred to you. You then need to file three copies of your land’s sketch, three copies of R.T.C., No-Dues Certificate issued by Village accountant, and an MR order copy.
You will need to add a few more documents if the authorities so wish, and this is especially seen in the case with land near the sea-shore or riverside. In such a case, you need to furnish CRZ NOC. Again, if you intend to use the land for commercial purposes, you need to file NOC from the concerned authorities.
Your DC Conversion is seen completed only when you also pay the required fees, and penalties as per conditions set down by the authorities.
GETTING DC CONVERSION CERTIFICATE OR ORDER COPY IN BANGALORE..?
If you own land and the same is found to be agricultural land, then all the landfilling expenses and cost of structures you have constructed over it would be legally void. Obviously, this would mean that you may only use the land for agriculture and nothing else. The same could be used for the purpose other than agriculture could be done to get an order of consent from the Deputy Commissioner of the District. And this is not as easy to get as it sounds. However, if you know the procedures and the rules and regulations, you may apply.
One must apply to the prescribed forms if you need a DC Conversion certificate in Bangalore or Order Copy. For Land Reform Tenanted Land, Form I, and for Patta land, Form no 21A. Along with Form 1, the following documents must be enclosed.
These include 3 copies of R.T.C., 3 copies of land sketch, a certified copy of Land Tribunal Order, Certified copy of Form 10 indicating Occupancy right and Zonal Certificate from Urban Development Authority or Town Planning Authority, Title Deed, ‘No Dues Certificate’ from Village Accountant and MR order copy.
For Patta land, you need the same. When you have submitted the forms, the Tahasildar or Revenue Inspector will visit your land and confirm that everything is found right. You will then get the necessary DC conversion order from the same office.
The DC Converted order may be received by applying the prescribed form. The prescribed Form 1 for Land Reform Tenanted Lands and Form No 21A for Patta land and certain documents. You may do the same by appointing a lawyer and for which you will need to pay fees. When you have filed all the required documents for conversion, you will need to wait for some time.
The Tahasildar or Revenue Inspectors will visit the land for which you have applied for DC Conversion. They will look for an approach road to your property and verify the Land Tribunal’s original records. Then after you have been asked to remit the conversion fees, your land will be DC Converted.
ONE SHOULD CONVERT LAND TO NON-AGRICULTURAL FOR ANY RESIDENTIAL / COMMERCIAL PURPOSES:
You will realize sooner or later that non-agricultural land as stipulated under the DC Conversion order may be utilized for any other purposes other than agriculture. If you do not have this order of consent from DC, then your land would remain only agricultural land for all times.
Even those who have purchased residential homes or apartments or commercial buildings face this problem as the land is agricultural, and therefore all construction on it is illegal.
This would attract a high penalty, and the authorities may demolish the land structures without notice or as they think fit. Therefore, the government has passed legislation that would make it mandatory for all occupants to get a DC Conversion order. Again, it is stated that those persons possessing agricultural land and have structures built on it would be subjected to a penalty. The base year for the same is 02-10-1980.
RATE OF PENALTY (per square feet)
The penalty on or before the base year 02-10-1980 would attract the authorities’ rules and regulation. It is seen that within the City Corporation Limit of 12 kilometres, it is Rs 7.00 while it is Rs 3.00 for Taluk Center and Rs 0.25 for a rural area. This is for residential land only.
For commercial land, the rate per square feet would be Rs. 34.50 for 12 kilometres within City Corporation Limit while it is Rs 14.50 for Taluk Center and Rs. 1.20 for the rural area.
DC CONVERSION CHARGES IN BANGALORE FOR CHANGE OF LAND..?
If you have a Bangalore property, you may need to ascertain whether the property transferred in your name is agricultural or non-agricultural land. You may state that you have purchased the same from authentic brokers or real estate agents or that the house has been purchased by making payment through the bank. Yet all these may not prove that the plot is legal even if you have most documents available with you.
The fact of the case is that there has been a surge in investment in residential houses and apartments, commercial buildings and industries in and around Bangalore, and these have been done without proper permission or records.
Over a period of time, due to rampant transfers of the same, the present owners think that the property they now possess is quite legal. On the contrary, this is not always the case.
In the case of Patta land, you need to enclose along with your Form 21A a certified copy of the land document, the rights of which have been transferred to an applicant. Again, you need to submit 3 copies of the land’s sketch, 3 copies of R.T.C., Village Accountant’s ‘No Dues Certificate’ and MR copy. If the land is near the sea or riverside, you need to submit CRZ NOC, and if the said land is to be utilized for commercial purposes, then a NOC from the concerned authority.
FEES / CHARGES:
Know the DC Conversion fees for the Land that is for the residential purpose would attract fees (rate per cent of land) of Rs 327.00 within 12 Kilometers of City Corporation limit, while for Taluk Center, it is Rs 218.00 and it is Rs 89.00 for rural.
As for commercial purpose, the land would be charged (rate per cent of land ) at Rs 654.00 within 12 kilometres of City Corporation limit, while for Taluk, it is Rs 327.00 while it is Rs 218.00 for rural.
GETTING DC CONVERSION ORDER COPY CERTIFICATE:
In the first place, to justify that the land under your possession may be converted into non-agriculture land, you must forward an application to DC or Deputy Commissioner of the District seeking his assent.
After the satisfactory assessment of your land is made and the documents found right, you may get the order from the same office that DC Conversion of your land has been made.
For this, you need to enclose certain documents while applying to the DC. For Land Reform Tenanted Lands, you must apply in the prescribed Form 1 with 3 copies of R.T.C., 3 copies of a sketch of your land, certified copy of the Land Tribunal Order, Certified copy of Form 10 indicating occupancy right, Zonal Certificate from Urban Development Authority or Town Planning Authority, Title Deeds, No-Dues Certificate from Village Accountant and MR order copy.
If you possess Patta land, you need to apply in Form no 21A and the following documents. You will have to enclose a certified copy of the land’s document, the rights of which have been transferred to you, and that means the applicant. You also need to enclose 3 copies of the sketch of your land, 3 copies of R.T.C., ‘No Dues Certificate from the Village Accountant and MR order copy.
You may also need to submit additional documents if you will use your land for commercial purposes or situated near the sea or riverside. This means that you need to submit a NOC certificate from the concerned authority in the former case, while for the latter, it is CRZNOC.