Architects4Design.com Architects in Bangalore
Archietcts4Design.com is established by a team of young Architects in Bangalore in order to cater the demands of today’s construction related services. As professionals we do understand the difficulties faced by many in the process for Starting any Construction or Design related works, so we decided to make things simpler for our clients, hence we started this Architectural firm in order to make things much simpler and easier to understand.
We offer our Services for Residential house plans, Apartment, Villa, Row house, Apartment planning, Structural consultancy, Construction and Master planning for group housing. Our way of working is to interact with the clients in understanding their needs and requirements based on which we come up with the initial conceptual design which shows all the proposed house designs with 2D interior layouts. Based on these layouts we do changes as per the client request, one the plans are finalized we work towards getting a 3D building elevation design done, So that one can see How their house looks like well before even the actual work starts.
Construction is a vast field it’s always difficult to understand for person who starting Construction for the first time, As Bangalore architects we Understand the concerns of our Clients by researching the current construction scenario by having detailed discussions with Building contractors, Labor contractors, Plumbers, Fabrications, Electrical consultants, Carpenters, Structural engineers, Painters and many more construction related consultants. After having many such detailed discussions we have given the below informative details in simple ways, So that each and every client can understand the role of the consultants and the current market rates for charged. This will help the client to know all the informative details required before meeting us…
Pls read the below details to know more….!
Construction Stages | Building contractor rates | Item rates for construction | Electrical rates | House construction | Apartment Interiors | Rates for Plumbing | House plans | Interior designers | Labor Contractor rates | Flooring laying charges| Residential Interiors | Aluminium fabrication | Home Interiors | Green architecture | Cost of construction | Building contractors vs Labor contractors | Reasons for Construction cost Escalation |
As one of the top best Architects Bangalore we also involve in Interior designing for which we propose floor plans, which will be re-designed to optimize the space in the arrangement of Wardrobes, Kitchen, Dining table, Cot, TV unit, Cabinets, Crockery unit, Wash basin, TV area, Walk-in closet, Foyer etc. In the Case of Interior designing for residential houses / Apartments we first finalize the 2D floor plans and after which we propose 3D conceptual view which shall be Designed based on the overall Budget of the project.
We also offer full architectural consultancy for residential or apartment projects which involves from concept floor plans, architectural working drawings, support to the Building contractor in making sure that the work proceeding on the site will be done as per our given drawings only. As architects we also do other services we have well Experienced team for Landscape designing, MEP consultancy, Structural design and Project management consultancy.
House Construction process at Bangalore and the Architects role involved to Construct/Plan new House
Find the Steps involved for starting a new Residential project right form the required documents needed, approval by the authority, identifying the contractor and documents required for getting a Housing loan.
Buildings constructed under the supervision of residential Architects in Bangalore would be of superior quality
Here you can find the importance of a professional and role he plays in Preliminary plans, Detailed building plan, Preparation of an Estimate, Building supervision, Deviations and much more.
Know about BOQ (Bill of Quantities) and How one can arrive on a precise Budget using it
BOQ can help is accurately calculated data for a proposed project for which the concept designs are finalized for which the required quantities of materials will be precisely calculated for Tendering the work contract.
- 1 ARCHITECTS PROCEDURE OF BUILDING a HOUSE at BANGALORE
- 1.0.1 SELECTING the right PLOT or SITE for Building the HOUSE..?
- 1.0.2 PLANNING the BUDGET Required for Construction..?
- 1.0.3 HIRING ARCHITECTS/Professionals for Designing..?
- 1.0.4 FINALIZING House Plans or Floor Plans as per Requirements..?
- 1.0.5 DESIGNING 2D or 3D Interior Layout for FINAL Floor Plans..?
- 1.0.6 Designing 3D BUILDING ELEVATION as per final House Plans…?
- 1.0.7 SOIL TEST done to know the SOIL BEARING CAPACITY on the proposed site..?
- 1.0.8 ARCHITECTURAL/STRUCTURAL Drawings done as per final House Plan and Elevation..?
- 1.0.9 Choosing BRICK or CONCRETE SOLID BLOCKS for Building Construction..?
- 1.0.10 Choosing NATURAL SAND or M SAND (Manufactured Sand) in Construction..?
- 1.0.11 Getting ACTUAL ESTIMATION done for House Construction by Architects..?
- 1.0.12 IDEAL Locations to Buy a Site in Bangalore as per your Budget..?
- 1.0.13 Choosing a BUILDING CONTRACTOR or a LABOR CONTRACTOR..?
- 1.0.14 PLAN SANCTION from BBMP/BDA/BMRDA for Starting construction..?
- 1.0.15 Getting the TEMPORARY ELECTRICAL Connection from BESCOM..?
- 1.0.16 BORE WELL Digging for WATER Supply..?
- 1.0.17 CONSTRUCTING a TEMPORARY SHED for Watchman/Material Storage on Site..?
- 1.0.18 SITE MARKING and DIGGING FOUNDATION as Per Structural Drawings..?
- 1.0.19 SUMP TANK Construction for sufficient WATER Storage..?
- 1.0.20 SUPERVISION by residential ARCHITECTS and STRUCTURAL Engineer during Construction..?
- 1.0.21 Choosing CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS for Flooring/Bath Fittings/Electrical and more..?
- 1.0.22 PERMISSION for ROAD CUTTING from BBMP for Laying Sewage Lines/Electrical..?
- 1.0.23 Paying FINAL BILL to the CONTRACTOR Approved by the Architect..?
- 1.0.24 Procedure for APPLYING for New BWSSB WATER CONNECTION..?
- 1.0.25 Fixing SOLAR WATER Heaters and RAIN WATER Harvesting..?
ARCHITECTS PROCEDURE OF BUILDING a HOUSE at BANGALORE
In Today’s in the fast moving era, everyone’s first desire is to Build their Dream House. Bengaluru a city of computers and IT technology is a place where everyone has their first desire to have their own place to live in. Today, building designs and constructions are the trends that are clearly moving towards the sustainable design and eco-friendly factors.
So, once the new to be owners of a house have their designs of the house ready it’s then time for the construction management of the project. We feel that constructing a house is no Joke, we have taken sufficient Time and Research to compile the Step by Step process to make construction work simplified.
One fells that an owner of a Home has to go through a long listed procedure of monotonous work. Some of the things which the owners should go through while their house is being constructed are as listed below:
SELECTING the right PLOT or SITE for Building the HOUSE..?
There are several decisions that one has to consider while planning to construct a house. Out of the many obstacles, one of the major obstacle that one faces while getting their house built is the selection of the Plot or Site. Below are the few factors that one should keep in mind while selecting/Buying a new plot/site for a new house construction:
LOCATION OF THE SITE : The location of the site is one of the most considered factors by the owners because the surroundings affect the owners, be it directly or indirectly. Another thing that the buyer should keep note of is that the soil condition which is present in the location.
The site should be conveniently located near Basic needs/necessities like Schools, Hospitals, Parks, Play grounds, Super markets, Medical stores and other daily needs
BUDGET : There are different site dimensions available like 20×30 or 600 sq ft , 30×40 or 1200 sq ft , 40×60 or 2400 sq ft , 50×80 or 4000 sq ft or larger sites formed by the approval of BDA, BMRDA, KIDB, BBMP, GRAM PANCHAYAT and other revenue / b Khata sites which are not DC converted or un approved layouts. The cost of a Site generally varies from.
Rs 35 lacs to Rs 45 lacs for a 20×30 site or 600 sq ft
Rs 45 lacs to 60 lacs for 30×40 site or 1200 sq ft
Rs 40 lacs to Rs 80 lacs for a 40×60 site or 2400 sq ft
Rs 70 lacs to Rs 1.3 cr for a 50×80 site or 4000 sq ft
Rs 35 lacs to Rs 65 lacs for Revenue sites
The cost varies depending on the Prime location or how close it’s situated to city center. Some of the prime locations trending today are HSR Layout, BTM Layout, Jayanagar, Indiranagar, JP Nagar, Koramangala, Sanjaynagar, Sarjapur road, Bannerghatta road, Housr road, Kankapura road etc. The current going rates in these areas vary from Rs 2500 / sq ft to Rs 15,000 / sq ft.
EASY access to ESSENTIAL Services and EXISTING roads : While buying a new plot for his or her house in a well sparsely populated area needs to consider and take in a note of how and when the basic things will be provided to their house. The basic services are not only of telephone lines and gas connections, but they also comprise sewage pipes, water supply, broadband internet and also the electricity connection.
NATURE OF SOIL : The re-activity of soil is one of the major factors that should be considered by the buyer while buying the plot. The soil should have good compression strength so that one can easily Build a G+3 structure. One can also find loose soil which generally requires more steel and more reinforcement given by a Structural engineer. So one has to make sure that the plot shouldn’t have any loose soil or refilled/dumped soil.
PLANNING the BUDGET Required for Construction..?
One has to Plan a Budget that is going to be required for building the House/Project, This is the second most important factor that one needs to be take care off while budgeting a Project. The Client/Owner should properly plan the budget required with the Help of an Architect for construction because it decides all of the construction costs, developers’ returns on investment, professional service charges and many other such things.
KEY Parameters to consider while planning the budget of a house..!
PHASES IN THE COST PLANNING PROCESS : The procedure of planning the budget for the construction of house comprises of three phases majorly. It starts with the establishment of a realistic first estimate which is called the Preliminary Approximate Estimation Process.
Which is followed by the planning of how this estimate should be spent on the various parts or elements of the project, which is abbreviated as the Cost Plan phase and the last comprises of a checking procedure. It ensures that the actual design details for the various elements can be constructed within the estimated cost plan which is often called the Cost Checking phase.
CASH FLOW PLAN : The budget planning is essential as it provides the basics stages required for the cash flow plan. Along with the cash flow plan, the budget planning is required to allocate the expenditure and income to each of the period of the client’s financial year. The expenditures that are being allocated should be given at a stated base data level and out turn levels based upon a stated forecast of inflation.
ADDITIONAL FEATURES BY ANALYZING THE BUDGET PLAN : With the help of budget planning, the Client gets a basis through which they can evaluate an assortment of different projects. Also, one can get an advantage of a balanced distribution of expenditure among various parts of the project.
The budget planning not only specifies the proposed estimate but also the improves the quality and performance but also there is quite less possibility of codicil invoice of quantities that are being required.
Hence, the budget planning will help the owner or client to get ensured, once a realistic estimate is agreed between the parties, everything that follows up is by it, starting from the successful contractors tender to the final project cost.
HIRING ARCHITECTS/Professionals for Designing..?
Many Clients Decide/Think to design their house on their own which effects negatively on a Long run. While for some it is quite difficult to decide between Hiring an Architect or Getting the Design work by themselves. While the ones who think that hiring an Architect is not important should consider factors like local by laws, far, building codes, green design issues, ensuring your dreams are realistic within the budget.
ADVANTAGES of HIRING an ARCHITECT or Professionals for a Project..!
PROFESSIONAL ARCHITECT PLANNING CAN SAVE TIME AND MONEY : Most of the clients who decide to design their homes on their own might not have the knowledge about various things like How the Structural choices create an impact on the installation of the mechanical system, substitutes for various materials and technologies that are comparatively cheaper.
A skilled professional like an Architect/Structural Engineer/Experienced Team will have the best knowledge of building science would get the building projects through which the minimum number of revisions and each revision requires a lot of time, hiring a professional will help in Saving Time and to get the plan sanction plan on time.
Hence, its recommended that one should take services of professionals for Saving Time and Money. Also one can avoid themselves from many sleepless nights on their project by making wrong options/advises.
PROFESSIONAL GUIDANCE : If the owner of the house is having certain problems with the Building contractors on their project then it would turn into a monotonous work to verify that they are properly carrying out the content of the drawings. Some problems that once might face with respect to Quality of construction, not utilizing the right construction materials of approved make, not following of drawings given by the Architect/Engineers.
Hence, this is also considered to be one of the major factors to hire a Professional Team with a wide Knowledge on construction field as it is hard to know where the responsibility of an Architect or a Contractor ends and begins.
EASY ACCESS TO OTHER SKILLED PROS : Hiring professionals welcomes bundles of pros to the project from choosing the right Skilled Structural engineers, Painters, Plumbers, Electricians, Skilled workers, Floor layers, Building contractors, Labor contractors etc.
An experienced Team will have the right network of skilled contractors in all civil works that can help the owner to get their work done within their planned budget.
Hence, the most important benefit is time saving is worth every penny. As it is well said, “Architects can’t force people to connect. It can only plan the crossing points, remove barriers and make the meeting places useful and attractive.”
FINALIZING House Plans or Floor Plans as per Requirements..?
It is important to finalize the House plans or Floor Plans given by Architects which will be as per the requirement by an owner or client. Finalizing of a floor plan or house plan by the architect as per the requirement of the owner majorly comprises of various procedures, starting right from working on the pros and cons of the project.
By preparing the schematic floor plans, preparing the floor plans, making the changes, getting 2d interior layouts in the floor plans and lastly finalizing the floor plans.
FEW things that One needs to know for FINALIZING Floor/House plans..!
REQUIREMENTS TO BE REFLECTED ON THE FLOOR PLAN : After one has reviewed all his planning factors fulfilled based on his given requirements, Then the client finally approves to prepare detailed site working drawings.
The major factors should be reflected in the House plans or floor plans are the measurements with dimensions of Room sizes, Positions of Ares such as living rooms, bed rooms, Dining rooms, Bath rooms, Puja room, Kitchen, Utility, Entrance, Car parking and other elements.
PLANNING AS PER BYLAWS : Architect will consider the width of road, site location, soil condition, current by laws for plan sanction, FAR possibilities from BDA BBMP BMRDA GRAM Panchayats etc to propose the initial plans. The plans shouldn’t comprise of land use zoning and provision of adequate circulation and parking areas.
Lastly, the site plan should be able to reflect the meeting of any requirements set by the authority like BBMP BDA BMRDA and the owner should me made understand the FAR possibilities and the possible penalties for building violations.
ORIENTATION OF HOUSE : The finalizing procedure of the final floor plan should consist of the orientation of the house that is being built up. The orientation of the house should be in context to climatic factors.
The climatic factors should comprise of maximum air flow through the windows of the house and also minimize the solar heat gain by staggering the houses about each other and also orienting them on the east-west axis.
DISCUSSION ON FLOOR PLANS : The most important part of finalizing the final floor plan is to consult or discuss with family members and taking their opinion regarding the planning. Architects also examine the layout of the plan and the house designs for the proposed house to see if they fulfill all the requirements set down by the Client.
The client will be presented with some alternative floor layouts, so that the most suitable Architectural Floor plan can be chosen or finalized.
Hence, the finalizing of the final floor plan plays an important role in making allowance for existing facilities and to proceed further for designing the Structural drawings, Architectural working drawings etc.
DESIGNING 2D or 3D Interior Layout for FINAL Floor Plans..?
While designing residential a house in Bangalore with the help of Architects and other designing professionals, one of the most difficult tasks is to create the drawings that are clearly able to convey the proposed interior design ideas in a 2D and 3D layout drawing presentation.
Which makes the client understand the positions of furniture’s and fixtures like sofa, center table, coffee table, cots, wardrobes, dressing table, side tables, chairs, dining table, kitchen layouts, computer table etc .
IMPORTANCE for Getting a 2D and 3D View..!
In this competitive market, the Architects need to make sure that all the strategic decisions taken at every step of designing would keep the costs of the Client down but also would deliver quality design work that would stand down out uniquely in the crowd.
Getting 2D INTERIOR Layout : To make a 2D design is nothing but a 2-Dimensional view showing all the measurements, room names and sizes followed by creating high-resolution output and personalizing the colors and branding and hence the 2D structure is ready. While creating a 3D interior layout design, one can simply follow the three basic steps.
Getting 3D INTERIOR Layout : After finalizing the final floor plan with basic 2d interior layout given by a the skilled professionals, followed by proposing Design concepts for the flooring, walls, and the ceiling materials and after the decorative part is done, furnishing the design accordingly. Lastly, Architects needs to create a 3D realistic photos and view the design in live 3D and hence visualizing the 3D structure becomes easier.
Designing 3D BUILDING ELEVATION as per final House Plans…?
The advantage of getting 3D Elevation design which shows the actual realistic view of the Building facade (front view) including the color combinations, compound, balcony, cladding material, positions of doors, windows, gates, railing concepts, cladding design etc.
The 3D elevation concept view can be done for Residential Bungalows, Rental Houses, Villas, Row house, Master plan etc. The Cost for generating a 3D view from the final House designs will cost anywhere upwards for Rs 20,000 for a realistic render. There are different kinds of 3D views like Day view, Night view, Aerial view, Worms eys view, Street view etc.
Different 3D VIEWS and the Advantages of getting 3D Building Elevation done..!
Realistic 3D Elevation in DAY view : The 3D Elevation of a residential building proposed by the Architects provides the realistic concept for visualizing ones dream house even before it is constructed which helps in saving time, money and also provides the option to alter, variate, enhance the unwanted areas and its aesthetics.
The 3D day view of the Building concept helps a client to visually imagine their house showing of all the simple aspects like the elevation concept, colors, textures, cladding, compound, gates, French windows, construction material details and many such other things which helps the client do the required changes in the initial design phase itself rather than getting it done while the building is under construction.
Realistic 3D Elevation in NIGHT view : The Night view generally helps the client to visualize the 3D views of the interiors as well as the exteriors along with the actual proposed light fixtures in the interior walls as well as on the exteriors such as compound, gates, landscaping, front facade, Building night view etc. It also helps the Architect and client know whether the sufficient illumination is provided if not one can again re work on the concept.
Normally, at night, the artistic view of the house looks even more breathtakingly amazing when it is illuminated with opposite light point’s implementation. One can see the position of all electrical light fittings on the building and landscape.
What is WORMS EYE View : Its a Worms eye view that generally a 3D concept generated with respect to a worm’s perspective of the building or object. This view shows the bottom to top visual concept which a longer or front view cannot capture. This is suitable for narrow concepts such as Villas, Master plan, Apartment complexes, Row houses, Malls, Column views, Facade view etc.
What is AERIAL VIEW : Also, the Aerial Eye View proves to be quite beneficial while viewing the elevation of the 3D design. By envisaging the 3D aerial view from a high altitude or Top view of the entire Master plan which would help the client to see large area surroundings including the proposed landscaping concept around the project which can be either a township or an individual bungalow.
This view reveals an extensive and detailed view of exterior parts such as play areas, club house, park, parking lots, swimming poll, jogging track, pathway etc of the architectural proposed design.
Hence, getting an Elevation of a building in 3D views proves to be beneficial as each and every small design can be seen and also rectified if it is needed before the construction which helps the contractor working on the site and implementing the project in real as per the Final Building 3D view.
SOIL TEST done to know the SOIL BEARING CAPACITY on the proposed site..?
Its the Bearing capacity of the soil which bears the entire Structural load of the Structure on it. It can be defined as the maximum contact average pressure between the soil and the foundation.
PROCEDURE TO MEASURE THE SOIL BEARING CAPACITY : One needs to Excavate/Dig the required depth at the proposed site where the test needs to be done after which a solid square or solid ball of pre recorded weight and dimensions which should be noted and then dropped multiple times from a pre fixed height to the pit bottom surface. Then one needs to get down into the pit to measure the average depth created by the solid object and record the mean depth of the impression.
HOW to CALCULATE Soil Bearing capacity..!
R = (W * H) / D
R = the ultimate resistance of the soil which is to be measured in kilograms.
D = the average depth of the impression which is measured in centimeters.
W = the weight of the solid ball or the square cube which is measured in kilograms.
H = the height of the fall of the solid ball or the cube which is measured in centimeters.
Resistance of soil per unit area = R/A
Safe bearing capacity = R / (A * F.O.S)
A = the cross-sectional area of the solid ball or the square cube.
F.O.S. = Factor of Safety.
What is FACTOR OF SAFETY : The factor of safety should be such that it varies from 2 to 3 depending upon the type of structure and the condition of the site. Also, to get the most reliable test results, one should perform this test on antithetic types of soils and use their judgments before reaching any conclusion. Lastly, one should always remember that instead of using the solid steel ball or the square cube, one can also take the use of CBR test plunger or the Cone.
ARCHITECTURAL/STRUCTURAL Drawings done as per final House Plan and Elevation..?
The major advantage of having detailed working drawings given by the Architects and Structural engineers which helps the project to be built as per concept in the process the contractor also avoids mistakes there by reducing the redo works.
Various forms of architectural or structural drawings are as listed below..!
WORKING DRAWINGS PREPARED AS PER SCALE : All these details would be required at the construction site which needs to be followed by all civil contractors and sub contractors like Plumbers, Electrician, Flooring layers, Fabricators, labor contractors, Centering workers etc. Generally all working details are drawn on Antithetic Scale at 1/4 per foot and a 1″ line drawn is equal to 4′(feet). Similarly a 4″(inches) line equals 16′(feet) based on this scale all related drawings are drawn.
ARCHITECTURAL WORKING DRAWINGS : Are drawings prepared by professional Architects for a residential or commercial project. These drawings contain detailed design symbols which will make it easier/familiar for all the different contractors understand the given dimensions like height, width , span, position, projections, niches etc. Also making sure that the contractors work under the guidance of Architects who provides and supports with all required workg dwgs.
One needs to have all the required drawings form the appointed Architects after freezing on the residential house plans and building elevation design. A concept given by a professional just shows the position of the Rooms, Windows, Doors, Entrance, Concept view etc. But to really execute the same on the site one needs to have working details for example in case of window on needs to know its height, width, grill design, material, thickness, shutter etc which helps one execute the project precisely.
Some of the dwgs given by an Architect at the confirmation of House plans are Civil work details, Electrical, Plumbing, Staircase, Cladding, Flooring pattern, Wall detailing, 2D working interior layout, Windows, Doors, Main door, landscaping, Entrance, Parking etc.
STRUCTURAL WORKING DRAWINGS : Structural drawings are prepared by a qualified Structural engineer who plans out the column and beam layout design for the proposed approved final plan. Some of these drawings include foundation drawings, Footing, Beams, Plinth beam, Slab reinforcement, Slab projection details, Stair case steel reinforcement and many other related dwgs.
A structural engineer has to work along with the architect so that the structural drawings are in sink with all the related architectural details. So that the project executes as per the proposed Plan and elevation design.
Hence, a complete set of house plans mainly comprises of floor plans, sections, elevations and details which when pictured together in one frame from the detailed picture of the entire house.
Choosing BRICK or CONCRETE SOLID BLOCKS for Building Construction..?
WHAT IS BRICK : Bricks are the rectangular blocks that are most commonly manufactured from clay, shale, slate, concrete, calcium silicate or stone. Brick is manufactured by firstly blending the sand and water, followed by pressing the clay into steel molds and lastly heating the mixture at a high temperature of about 1000 degree Celsius which maintains the strength of the brick.
There are other options like Wire cut bricks, Compressed earth block, Laterite stone etc. These can be implemented in an eco friendly building design.
WHAT IS CONCRETE SOLID BLOCK : A block is majorly manufactured from concrete. Blocks are majorly used as partitions in interior applications, walls, compound, temporary structures, and exterior applications. It’s also used in as structural composition of the house.
DIFFERENCE between BRICKS and CEMENT based SOLID Blocks..!
Although both the bricks and the blocks are not only strong also fire resistant, insect proof building materials, they have some dissimilarity also. When one decides to build a new house then knowing about as mentioned below.
By INSULATION VALUE : The insulation valve or the R value of the basic Brick walls is about 0.2 per square inch while that of the Solid concrete blocks is about 2.5 per square inch. Many houses that are built up from the Bricks have good insulation values more as compared to the other Solid Block built buildings.
By STRENGTH : Both the bricks and the blocks are strong enough, but their real strength is majorly affected by the type and the quality of the mortar that holds them together. According to one survey, all the blocks should have a minimum compression strength of at least 1900 pounds per square inch if they are intended for house construction, yet there are many denser blocks that are much stronger than this. Also, the researchers have proved that the average concrete block can withstand 3500 pounds per square inch.
By COST : The bricks and the Solid blocks, both are almost equally expensive. According to the current cost of 2016, one single clay bricks or wire cut Bricks costs Rs 6 to Rs 9 per piece, while an 8 inch of the Solid concrete block costs Rs 30 to Rs 45 per block.
Most of the times, the labor charges bring up the wall prices more significantly when compared to the actual material cost. As architects must keep in mind that the traditional brick masonry requires more skill as compared to the concrete masonry and hence are quite difficult to be done on their own.
Choosing NATURAL SAND or M SAND (Manufactured Sand) in Construction..?
The Natural sand which is also referred as the natural river sand was considered to be the cheapest resources of sand. But the excessive mining of the river bed in meeting the increasing demand for the sand in the construction industry may lead to the ecological imbalance in the country. While the sand that is available today in the river bed is not only very coarse but also contains a very high percentage of silt and clay.
Due to increasing urban population which has created a high demand for housing in an Urban city like Bangalore these is a huge difference between the demand and supply of natural sand this has led to adulteration with clay and silt.
DIFFERENCES between the NATURAL Sand and the M-Sand..!
SHAPE AND COLOR : Natural river sand is light brownish in color when compared to M Sand ( manufactured sand) which is grey in color. But both the sands do differ from each other in respect to the shape of the particle. The shape of the Manufactured sand is a cubical shape while the natural river sand has a flaky shape.
MANUFACTURING PROCESS : The manufacturing process of any material decides the various factors of the material like its stability, reliability, cost, shape, size and many such other factors. The same is true for the antithetic forms of sane.
The manufactured sand is prepared with the international technology which is controlled by the manufacturing process through the imported machines while the natural river sand is not manufactured specially.
The natural river sand has no sort of controlled manufacturing process because it is obtained by the by-product of the stone crusher.
SUITABILITY FOR CONCRETING : The Construction materials that are being brought by the house builder which are to be used in building the house and for that it is necessary for the Client / Owner and the builder to know about which sand will suit their concrete better.
The manufactured sand is highly recommended for concrete works as well as civil masonry works worldwide by many of the concrete renowned technologists. While the river natural sand is not as much recommended as the manufactured sand for the use in concrete and masonry works. The river sand does not proper the perfect quality to be used in concreting.
Getting ACTUAL ESTIMATION done for House Construction by Architects..?
The House construction Estimation determines the probable construction cost of the project. Normally, the Building estimation can be done at any stage of the project depending upon the purpose of estimation. As Architects we do the first estimation before the start of the construction to make the budget plan of the project.
The estimation of the residential house calculated in quantities like earthwork,blocks, brickwork in the plinth, flooring, painting, superstructure, plastering, bricks, foundation concrete, fittings and many other such things are comprised in the estimation process of the house. Generally one uses abbreviations for quantities measured like.
Sq ft or Sft (square feet) , Cft (cubic feet) , Rft (running feet) , L.S (lump sum) , Lts (litters) Kilograms (Kg) etc
HOUSE ESTIMATION can be Done by below Methods..!
LONG WALL – SHORT WALL METHOD : In this method long wall is a wall which is along the length of the room where as the Short wall is the wall which is perpendicular to the long wall. Now, to determine short and long wall lengths one should first know the individual walls center line.
Afterward, the length of the long wall might be calculated after the addition of the half breadth at each end to its center line length. Thus the lengths of the short wall which is measured in and might be found by deducting the half breadth from its center line length at each end. The length of long wall usually decreases from earth work to brickwork in superstructure while that of the short wall increases. These lengths are then multiplied by breadth and depth to get the quantities.
CENTER LINE METHOD : The center-line method is most suitable for the walls that have the similar cross-section areas. In this method, the total center-line length is multiplied by breadth and depth of respective item and hence one gets the total time.
When cross walls, partitions or veranda walls attach with the main wall, the center line length is reduced by half of breadth for each of the junction. Such junction or joints are studied carefully while calculating the total center-line length. The estimates that are being prepared by this method are most accurate and quick.
Hence, the estimation should be done on various stages of the project by the Architect / Engineer to get the perfect budget plan of the project.The Current House Construction cost in Bangalore is Rs 1600 / sq ft excluding Architectural design fees.
IDEAL Locations to Buy a Site in Bangalore as per your Budget..?
Constructing a dream house within the given or fixed Budget is more or less challenge to complete. At least one can allot 50 to 60% of their available Budget for buying a Site that is close buy to good Schools, Stores, Malls, Metro station, Traffic movement and also closed to the workplace of the owner as it will reduce the travel time from home to office and back. We have listed below the ideal localities to Build your Home.
BANGALORE NORTH : Lingarajapuram Ganga Nagar Hebbal Yelahanka Sadashiva Nagar Maruthi Nagar, Mathikere Hesaraghatta Sahakara Nagar Malleshwaram Seshadripuram Nagashetty Halli Kalyan Nagar, Devanahalli Hennur road Bennigana Halli Yeshwanthpur Kadugondanahalli Nagavara Vyalikaval Sanjay Nagar Banaswadi St. Thomas Town, KasturiNagar Jalahalli Nandini Layout Sahakara Nagar Bel Road Nagasandra Frazer Town.
BANGALORE SOUTH : Sarjapur Road HSR Layout Subramanyapura Kempe Gowda Road Vivek Nagar BTM Layout Magrath Road Konanakunte Gavipuram JP Nagar Madivala Padmanabhanagar Dickenson Road Uttarahalli Wilson Garden Bommanahalli VV Puram Ulsoor Hosur Road Kammanahalli Mission Road Koramangala Langford Town Bannerghatta Road Kathriguppe Dasarahalli Hanumanthanagar St. Mark’s Road Chamarajpet Kasturba Road Kumaraswamy Layout Banashankari Begur Doddamavalli ShantiNagar Electronics City Raj Bhavan Road Sankey Road MG Road Sampangiram Nagar Jayanagar Nagarathpet Peenya Rajarajeshwari Ashok Nagar Doddakallasandra Rajpet Museum Road Residency Road.
BANGALORE EAST : Bellandur KR puram Ramamurthy Nagar Krishnaraja Puram Vimanapura Thippasandra Whitefield HRBR Layout HAL Road Brookefield Marathahalli Brigade Road Dooravani Nagar Old Airport Road CV Raman Nagar Jeevan Bheema Mahadevapura Kadugodi Domlur Jayamahal Road Varthur ITPL Byatarayanapura Kodihalli Indiranagar.
BANGALORE WEST : Kengeri Vidyaranyapura Tumkur Road Vijay Nagar Mysore Road Nagarbhavi Gandhi Nagar Basaveshwaranagar Bidadi Mahalakshmipuram.
BANGALORE CENTRAL : Benson Town Church Street Lady Curzon Road Avenue Road Basavanagudi Richmond Road Rajaji Nagar Chatram Road Vittal Mallya Road Seshadri Road Magadi Road Infantry Road Commercial Street Shivajinagar Austin Town Crescent Road Lavelle road Cunningham road Chickpet Kumara Krupa Road Chickpet Road Cox Town Srirampuram Vasanth Nagar Balepet RT Nagar Adugodi Palace Road High Grounds Subedar Richmond Town.
Other than the above mentioned localities one can even buy a plot on the outskirts of the city to make sure that the site purchase cost is kept less which helps to you increase the Budget for construction.
Choosing a BUILDING CONTRACTOR or a LABOR CONTRACTOR..?
There is a major difference between a building Contractor and a labor contractor. One needs to know while hiring a contractor for the construction of their house; One should keep in mind the points that are the basic differences between them.
MAJOR Difference Between them..!
Who is a BUILDING CONTRACTOR..? A contractor is a person who provides the agreed services to a client for a set fee – and also in the possible duration – under a contract for the services which is in contrast to a contract of service for example, a contract of employment, which is mainly between an employee and an employer. In this the responsibility will be including Construction materials + Labor. The Client will be having one point contact for getting the things done.
This Option is more Recommended since the Building contractor takes the entire responsibilities of Purchasing the construction materials + Implementation as per Architects guidance.
Who is a LABOR CONTRACTOR..? A labor contractor is the one who undertakes a contract from the contractor. A labor contractor can be anything from an individual self-employed person – for example; a plumber is carrying out work for a building contractor – to a large national organization. In this case one needs to provide the materials to the project and he executes the project.
This Option is not Recommended if the client is a working professional and cannot involve or give time in purchasing the material, managing the site or difficulties in co-ordination of works. The labor contractor responsibilities is to Implement the procured construction material.
PLAN SANCTION from BBMP/BDA/BMRDA for Starting construction..?
One needs keep in mind that even before starting the construction of a Building one should know the various agencies that are involved in the layout and also the building plan approval. Some of the main agencies that are majorly involved in real estate include BBMP, BDA, BMRDA, GRAM PANCHAYAT, BIAAPA, DTCP, LDA, etc.
PROCEDURE to get BUILDING PLAN APPROVAL from BBMP and BDA..!
BBMP PLAN SANCTION : If the owner of the house wishes to Construct a house in Bangalore, he or She should get approval from the concerned authorities. BBMP, which is the abbreviation used for Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike approves the procedure within its jurisdiction to issue approval letters to builders or site owners for construction of a new house.
As per bylaws depending on the FAR depends on the width of the road and zonal regulations like residential or commercial. Any violations in the actual construction then the authority has strict rules to even to demolish the deviation on site.
BDA PLAN SANCTION : The BDA which is the abbreviation used for Bangalore Development Authority is the principal planning authority in Bangalore. As a regulatory body, the BDA will prepare the comprehensive development plan. In addition to the planning and development, the body will also supervise the development related services and sites.
It also ensures that the requirement of all of the underprivileged citizens will also meet without any failure. The body was created in the year 1976 under the Bangalore Development Authority Act 1976. The layouts in lands and approvals will be done through the BDA.
The layouts usually fall outside the city limits will be looked after by Bangalore Metropolitan Region Development Authority (BMRDA). The BDA plan sanction the fees or charges varies depending on the scales of the project no matter it is Schools, Villas, Row house, Apartment complexes, Large developments, Commercial development etc. It is much easier to get the approvals done through right middle men or mediators or agents who make it hassle free.
Getting the TEMPORARY ELECTRICAL Connection from BESCOM..?
BESCOM, which is the abbreviation used for the Bangalore Electricity Supply Company which is in charge of distribution of power to the districts of Bangalore. So if one plans to move into a New house or take minimum temporary power for staring building construction in any of these case one needs to apply for an electricity connection with BESCOM.
The below mentioned list provides the steps that the one needs to follow to get a domestic LT connection which is applicable for less than 25 KW or less than 500 square meters of built-up area.
Procedure of getting BESCOM CONNECTION..!
Visit Office : One needs to visit the BESCOM the sub divisional office in their particular locality and obtain an application form which is also called as an A Form.
Fill & Submit FORM : Then fill this application with all the required details and register or submit the form along with certain documents as proof of ownership or occupational premises, house tax receipt, personal ID proof, Passport size photo and Mobile Number Power Supply Agreement.
PSA Agreement : The format for the Power Supply Agreement is available at the BESCOM office or one can visit their office site to download it, along with the registration fee that one needs to pay for the same which is Rs. 50 per installation.
Registration : The Owner then will be provided with a registration number which he or she can use to track or know the current status of their connection. This also duly verifies the documents that one has submitted.
Officer Inspection : After which, a field officer representing Bangalore Electricity Supply Company will inspect their house or the site for which the owner wishes a connection. Once the documents are verified by the authorized field officer who will prepare a detailed estimate. The next step is to submit the proposed wiring diagram of the commercial/residential building and test report cum completion by Government licensed electrical contractors showing and confirming the wiring and duly signing it.
Pay Deposits : Once the proposed power requirement is sanctioned, the owner needs to pay couple of deposits and infrastructure charges.
Timeline : The Sanction is valid for one month, so the owner has to ensure that they make the payment of the deposits within one month of obtaining the sanction.
Report : The total amount needs to be issued at the sub-divisional BESCOM office; after that, the owner can submit the completion report along with the wiring diagram and Power Supply Agreement.
RR Number : Lastly, the sub-divisional office will then issue a final work order, following which an authorized Area Engineer will install the meter, also obtain a revenue record (RR number) and will finally provide service the connection.
BORE WELL Digging for WATER Supply..?
Today, in the New generation, nobody prefers an open well instead of a bore well is dug to get the water supply because of the simple reason that open well requires a large area and the quality of water is not as good as compared to that of a Bore well.
To know the exact location for digging the Architects and the structural engineer should coordinate as per the final residential house plans where a suitable point can be proposed for digging.
SITE SELECTION OF BOREWELL : Before digging one should ask and research about the surrounding area water tabe and the depth of bore nearby wells. Also, one can engage a water diviner to conduct a survey for the suitable point of digging. Water Diviners can be easily found locally who can suggest you different location possibility to get the best source of water.
SUITABLE TIME OF DIGGING : Though it is suitable to dig in each and every season one is normally advised to dig the well in the summer season because at that time the levels of water lower down to its minimum level which will let you know the availability of water from the well source even when the water table is at its bottom during summer.
TO GET PERMISSION FROM GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES : In many of the states before digging a borewell, permission is required from the local Municipal or Water Supply or other Government authorities. If such is the case, then getting permission before finalizing a contractor for digging is vital.
CONSTRUCTING a TEMPORARY SHED for Watchman/Material Storage on Site..?
Before the actual construction starts and just after the digging of the bore well, the Next step is to Build a Temporary structures for Storing construction materials and a space for a watchman to stay to look after or secure the building materials.
A shed is imperative for storing many types of building or construction material such as Cement bags, Construction steel, Jelly aggregates, Sand, Bath-ware fittings, Flooring, Plumbing materials etc keeping under a secured roof. A Watchman who will stay on the site 24×7 to take care and secure the construction materials which gives a sense of security to the site and prevents un wanted thefts.
BEST LOCATION to Build a Temporary Shed..!
ADJACENT EMPTY SITE : The ideal place for setting up a temporary shed is always in an empty adjacent site. To achieve this, one should get the permission from the neighboring Site owners in advance. If in case, permission is refused or if there is no empty adjacent site, then one has to think of other alternatives.
CORNER OF A BIG SITE : If the site is a big one, Then one can also think about erecting a Temporary shed at the corner location of the plot. So it doesn’t disturb any construction activity like foundation, plinth work etc.
AVAILABLE SPACE IN A SMALL SITE : If the site is a small one, then one needs to build the shed in whatever space is available in the setback area. Once the ground floor slab is cast, then one can think of shifting the storage stuff into a room in the building.
Materials Used for Constructing a Shed :
Since the shed is temporary structure, one can consider using soil instead of using cement as mortar to fill up the masonry works in bricks/ Solid concrete blocks. Once the entire building is complete one can easily dismantle these structure and use the Bricks or Blocks for building compounds or final interior walls.
SITE MARKING and DIGGING FOUNDATION as Per Structural Drawings..?
When one has cleared the site and is ready to start setting out the build he or she now has to position their house in the exact position that is being shown on their plans. An Architect and Structural Engineer should coordinate with each other to finalize the markings for foundations and plinth.
One has to make sure that Regular checks are done bay an Engineer frequently especially during the foundation stage which is a critical part of executing any project and there is a good chance that the selected / approved building contractor approved by the licence-ed commercial or residential Architects at Bangalore who doesn’t do any mistakes at this critical construction phase.
FOUNDATION OF A BUILDING : Foundation is a part of the Structure of the Building that will be designed to take the entire load of the proposed Building structure. It also can be defined as the part of the residential building that is below the plinth lvl. Generally its planned in such a way that the entire load in distributed on it by the means of Plinth beam, Columns, Slabs, Beams, Walls etc.
The site marking and digging foundation as per the structural drawings stage are to establish the dig, Then the Architects and Structural engineer needs to visit the site to co ordinate with the contractor who needs to mark the required foundation pit for the columns and plinth beam..
DRAWINGS given at this STAGE : Foundation details, Pit dig layout, Concrete design, Column sizes, Plinth sizes, Height of the plinth, parking heights etc.
DIFFERENT CIVIL WORKS INVOLVED IN FOUNDATION : Foundation involves a lot of critical civil works that has to be done precisely, any mistakes done here cant be rectified Site marking, Pit excavation, 40 mm Concrete, Steel reinforcement for columns and beams, Concrete pouring, Curing, Plinth frame-work, Plinth beam casting etc.. There might be other works to carried out depending on the house plans proposed.
Once the concrete has been filled as per design then one needs to fill back the entire soil and compact it up to the plinth top height. After which an Anti termite treatment in the form of power or liquid has to be treated to the soil as to avoid any Termite colonies settling latter on which might create voids.
SUMP TANK Construction for sufficient WATER Storage..?
CONSTRUCTION OF SUMP : Sump tank should be constructed on priority as it will be the only water storage area till the construction completes. To know the required water storage one should consult the architect who will determine the water storage required depending on the no of houses being planned.
In case of residential designs for 30×40 20×30 40×60 or 50×80 of G+1 or G+2 floors having 4 to 6 units of houses designed then one can have around 8000 liters to 12,000 liters as water storage and 2000 ltrs to 3000 ltrs over head water tank. One can also increase the capacity if there is scarcity of water source in that particular area.
FINDING OUT THE SUMP CAPACITY : To Calculate or to find the capacity of the proposed sump tank one needs to know the correct Length (L) , Width (W) and Depth (D) in Feet (ft). Now, multiply the Length x Width x Height to know the exact Cubic Feet (Cft) of sump area. Also know that 1 CFT (Cubic Feet) can store 28.31 Liters of water.This type of calculation only works of Rectangle tank or Square tank design.
A sump tank can be constructed by Bricks or Blocks work with mesh plastering done internally. One can also do it with reinforced concrete on all sides but this option increases the cost for building it.
SUPERVISION by residential ARCHITECTS and STRUCTURAL Engineer during Construction..?
Construction is no easy work even after getting the required working drawings to construct the residence, one needs to get the supervision of best Architects to monitor site in accordance with the Structural who will visit on critical steel reinforcement checking. These two professionals play a very key role making sure that all the given workings drawings are executed as per the proposed Floor plans and Elevation.
SUPERVISION by ARCHITECTS : A good Architect will help the owners in proposing best concept house plans and then preparing detailed architectural working in making sure that the Clients dream is fulfilled by getting it from Virtual concept to Realty in the process of guiding the client choose the best and affordable materials to choose from . Also involving in different aspects like Site monitoring, Engaging different civil contractors, Project coordination, PMC, Estimations, Bill checking etc..
The role of an Architect also involves continual revision of plans by client needs, Meeting project deadlines, Time management, Cost escalation and other responsibilities depending on project to project. As project proceeds Stage by Stage ensuring that there are no delays and the planned works are well planned.
SUPERVISION by STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS : A structural engineer supervises not only the construction work but also involves in the aspects like Planning, Design implementation, Co-ordinate for structural implementation, Reinforcement checking, Site visits etc.
While the construction is going on he also supervises, checks and approves the structural materials used in construction. He will also have experience to test or suggest on materials and structural integrity test on the structure as a whole and declares whether the structure is safe or not.
Choosing CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS for Flooring/Bath Fittings/Electrical and more..?
In Todays Modern Era where we have vast collections of materials developed by using new modern technologies for a Better living. Architects are aware of the newest material and their uses. In changing times people are moving towards Eco-friendly Designs/Materials for building their house, in such cases professionals are the right people to guide and implement their ideas.
One should know the below suggestions before they take their decisions in selection of construction/building materials like Bath ware fittings, Flooring, Electrical fittings, Wood work, Cladding materials, Sinks, Wash basins, Railings, Counter top, Paving etc.
BUDGET : Setting or Keeping a budget for each and every construction material before you go selecting for it will help to make decisions about what to include in the project within the available cost.
Once this is figured out one can spend and subtract the amount that is being allocated to Construction, Bath ware, Flooring, Fixtures and Fittings etc. By following this one will be assured that the project expense doesn’t shoot up.
TIME : Each and every construction material has its own specifications for implementing/fixing it some might finish faster and others may finish in a faster time. For example considering Flooring Vitrified is the easiest to fix and cost-effective where as Granite/Marble will take much more time as they require polishing work on site.
CONSTRUCTION WORK SEQUENCE : Architects guidance involves getting all works done Step by Step which reduces redo works. In this step a Building constructor has to keep both the Architect as well as the Owner of the project in loop about the progress of each and every work that has been carried out on site.
PERMISSION for ROAD CUTTING from BBMP for Laying Sewage Lines/Electrical..?
Its necessary to get the required permission from BBMP for Road cutting for laying Sewage pipelines, Gas lines, Telephone cable, Internet, OFC cables, Electrical cables, Drainage lines etc.
PROCEDURE followed for permission..!
To get the permission for the digging of the road, the clients need to visit the authority’s website and choose their zones from the portal, fill in application along with details about the length, width, and a number of pits required to be dug.
APPLICATION : One needs to visit the website of BBMP and know the different zonal authorities. After which one can download the right kind of Application form which needs filled with details such as Location, Length, Width,
SUBMIT & VISIT : After submitting the application through online, then the Details from for the road cutting request will be sent to the respective zonal engineers of BBMP via android phones. Then he visits the spot where the proposed road-cutting is planned after which he proposes the horizontal trench or any other for digging.
FEES : As per the current procedure the applicant who request of the cutting permit will be asked to a prescribed fees ranging from Rs 1200 to Rs 1500/mtr (per meter). Sample : For a 40 ft road the charges for digging the road would vary form Rs 16,000 to Rs 20,000. There might be additional charges that the authorities can charge in case there is any damages to sanitary pipelines, water lines etc.
TIME-FRAME : This payment can be easily paid to 33 different banks in the city by DD or by online bank transfer. This entire procedure form will take a minimum of 7 to 10 days to complete.
The main reason that this process is carried our is to ensure that the road is repaired back to its normal state or original condition as it should not case any disturbances/obstacles for the moment of Traffic.
Paying FINAL BILL to the CONTRACTOR Approved by the Architect..?
Once the contractor submits the final bill towards the completion of the construction of the proposed project. This would be the final bill of settlement between the Client and the Contractor.
QUALITY CHECKS : This would be followed by the Architects visit to the building site and cross check if the works are completed as per quality, schedule and agreed specifications.
FINAL CHECK : When the final check is being paid by the owner to the contractor, Item by Item both the Architect and the owner should go through the entire specifications of the proposal and the completed work. This is done to ensure that there will be no pending work that needs to be carried out or executed after paying the Bill .
NEGOTIABLE : This final bill can be negotiable as the contractor has completed the entire works but there can be a small margin for negotiation given that both the client and the owner agrees.
RESOLVE IF REQUIRED : Despite the best practices to Settle the final bill, if one comes across any disputes between them regarding the work carried on the site with respect to quality or work satisfactory within the specified time. Its always advisable to resolve the issue in a peaceful manner. If any rework needs to be carried out from these disputes, its advisable that one can go for another agreement to settee the bill for the final work within the specific time lines.
After which a final bill to be Paid satisfying both the parties can be mutually settled with the presence of the Architect or any third person as proof of settlement.
Procedure for APPLYING for New BWSSB WATER CONNECTION..?
(BANGALORE WATER SUPPLY AND SEWERAGE BOARD) BWSSB is a regulator government body who has the authority to sanction Water and Sanitary connections in Bangalore. Below is the complete process for getting BWSSB water and sanitary connection.
ELIGIBILITY OF THE APPLICANT : When the owner of the house desires to have the water supply or the sanitary connection to his or her premises, then he or she is eligible to get this service.
PROCESS : As per Regulation 5.1 An applicant has to fill the application with Location details, Plan sanction copy, Endorsement for Road cutting given by BBMP/BDA, Photos of the applicant, OC (Occupancy Certificate) if Multi storied building along with the filled application has to submitted to Assistant Executive Engineer coming the respected zones of BWSSB.
Afterward, the Assistant Engineer or the Water Inspector inspects & recommends the file; AEE sanctions the domestic house service connections at the sub-division office. In respect of multi-storied buildings which attract charges, the measurement of the building is taken, recorded & recommended by AE & AEE and finally the file is forwarded to the office of Executive Engineer or Additional Chief Engineer to sanction the file depending on the amount of as per the delegation of powers.
VISITS : After submission the authorized Water Inspector or Assistant Engineer (AE) wil be visiting the site and recommends for further process. In case of Domestic Residential/House connections a AEE will sanction to provide the connection. In case its a Multi Storied building like Apartment complexes, Commercial structures will attract additional charges depending the measurement of building which is measured by AE or AEE and then moved forwarded to Additional Chief Engineer or Executive Engineer to sanction the applied request and collect the required Fees.
FEES / CHARGES : The total payable fees approximates up to 2040 rupees. The DD that is being given to activate the service by the owner should be in the favor of Chairman of the BSWSSB. The total fee of rupees 2040 is the summation of various charges that are being issued by the regulatory body.
The multiple charges are charged for Rs 850 as Meter Charges, Rs 315 as Minimum charges, Rs 600 for Sewage line, Rs 25 for connection fee, Rs 250 as inspection fees.
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED :
– Sanction planned by BDA/BBMP/KIDB/BBMP or any government authority.
– (GBWASP) – Beneficiary Capital Contribution Receipt.
– Upto date tax paid receipt for the property.
– Endorsement from BDA or BBMP given for Road cutting.
– Address Proof : Like : Electricity Bill, Telephone bill, Absolute Sale deed, Ration Card etc.
Fixing SOLAR WATER Heaters and RAIN WATER Harvesting..?
IMPORTANCE OF SOLAR WATER HEATER :
It’s the simplest way to implement an eco-friendly solution at your House. It would be just an one time investment for endless return by having a continuous source of Hot water without spending a rupee.
WHAT CAPACITY IS NEEDED : Normally one can get Solar water heaters in 50 lts , 100 ltrs, 150 ltrs, 200 ltrs and more higher capacities depending on the kind of requirement, weather it’s for a Residential House or commercial building or large complexes.
Generally for a 20×30 or 30×40 40×60 50×80 for G+1 or G+2 floors one can opt between 100 liters to 250 litters again depending on the no of Houses or units built on the site.
HOW IT WORKS : The whole process of heating water to the range of 60 to 80 degrees works by Solar radiation coming from the sun. The sun rays falls on the Solar Panel inlaid with water tubes surrounded by steel foil or Water tubes connected to water tank. One would also require an Overhead water tank which should store sufficient water needed to supply for the water heaters.
IMPORTANCE OF RAIN WATER HARVESTING (RWH) :
The proposal of providing Rain water harvesting has to be planned by the Architects at the very early stage while designing the house, as it needs to be shown in the plan approval or blue print drawings given to the authority for sanctioning.
HOW IT WORKS : Generally in today’s scenario where the requirement of water is greater than before due to which the Natural water sources like Lakes, Wells, Rivers, Dams are used depleting faster than ever before.
The ground water level is depleting due to more that required utilization through bore wells. To re treat the depleted ground water table one needs to implement Rain water harvesting on site which collects all rain water from the Terrace, Setbacks, Roofs etc piped through water filters and then drained into the soil.
This will gradually increase ground water table in the process saving water for future generations.